The formation of Chinese health culture
From the Qin and Han Dynasties to the Sui and Tang Dynasties, it was the peak of the prosperity of China’s health culture.
Since the early years of the Western Han Dynasty, most of the supreme rulers at that time were keen on pursuing the immortality of the immortality, thus objectively promoting the prosperity of the health culture.
銆€銆€Among the many health-promoting works produced in the Western Han Dynasty, the most eye-catching thing is the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic.
The book brings together a variety of health perspectives from the pre-Qin period and for the first time specifically addresses health issues from a medical perspective.
銆€銆€The principles of health care involved in the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic are mainly two: one is to adjust the spirit and form, to improve the body’s ability to prevent disease and resist fading; the second is to adapt to the surrounding environment and avoid the invasion of foreign evils.
Carrying out, “The Ancient Innocent Theory” made a comprehensive summary, that is, “the law is yin and yang, and the number of surgery, food and drink have festivals, daily life is always, and it is not worth working, so it can be shaped with the gods.Years, centuries is going.
“The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classics” also recorded a number of specific health-care techniques, such as the guidance introduced in the “Family of Different Laws”, according to the foot Joe, etc., all have practical health value.
All of the above theories and practices have had a great impact on the history of Chinese health culture.
Most of the various health books of later generations were developed and perfected on the basis of the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic.
銆€銆€After the Eastern Han Dynasty, under the guidance and guidance of the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classics, TCM health education became increasingly prosperous.
During this period, many famous medical scientists grew up in health, among which Zhang Zhongjing and Hua Tuo were the most affected.
銆€銆€Zhang Zhongjing in “Golden Dragonfly?”
In the first issue of the visceral meridians and meridians, the specific principles of health preservation are put forward, that is, 鈥渄o not let the evil spirits dry up the meridians鈥? 鈥済uide, pass鈥? 鈥渢he room should not be exhausted, and the food festival will be cold and hot.Acidic sweet, not devoid of body shape, and “dietary taboos” and so on.
銆€銆€Hua Wei believes that exercise is an important way to delay the disease, and the scale is strongly related to health through labor movement.
Hua Tuo also founded the “Five Birds Play” according to the ancient guiding method; “One tiger, two elk, three raccoons, four dragons, five ostriches.
In addition to the disease, and the hoof foot, to guide.
“What is especially valuable is that Hua Tuo is still doing his best. He has been practicing the “Five Birds” for many years, and he has been “satisfied with the age of one hundred years old.”
銆€銆€During the three hundred years of the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Chinese society entered a period of turmoil in which wars alternated and regimes changed.
The real life of war and disasters has greatly impaired people’s physical health, so the life of the human body was very short.
In order to reduce this contradiction, the literati class at that time was often immersed in the way of health for the needs of certain life instinct.
In terms of moral cultivation, these people are obsessed with the old, the school of Zhuang, claiming to be quiet and indifferent, and conforming to nature; in the specific practice of health, they are guided by the introduction of guidance and turn to alchemy to take food, and the boots form a quite Taoist color.Health method.
During the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, the main representatives of Taoist health culture were Ge Hong and Tao Hongjing.
銆€銆€Ge Hong, the word Yachuan, from the number Bao Puzi, his health culture thoughts are concentrated in “Bao Puzi?”
In the Inner Chapter, it mainly includes the following aspects: negotiating and relaxing, eliminating all kinds of libido; promoting the spirit of qi, creating a fecal practice; highlighting the health of the house, “getting the sum of its festivals.”
銆€銆€It is proposed that “health is based on no harm”, and that people’s words and deeds are determined, and that considerations are beyond the normal physiological limits.
銆€銆€Tao Hongjing, the word is bright, Nanjing people, the famous Taoist theorist and health home in the Qi and Liang Dynasties.
Tao Hongjing wrote about Hongfu in his life, and there are only a few kinds of monographs on health care, such as “National Delayed Life Record”, “Guiding Health Map”, “Health Care” and so on.
The existing health books mainly include “National Health Record”, which covers various aspects of health preservation. They are: think that the gods are dependent, advocate the pure heart and soul to support the gods, guide the movement to support the body; think that the life span of the personAlthough it is related to congenital factors, the day after day is more important; it advocates the use of sick people, claiming that the festival has reduced more consumption.
銆€銆€In the second generation of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the health culture further integrated the theory and practice formed since the Qin and Han Dynasties, and developed the important health experts such as Sun Sizhen and Sima Chengyu.
銆€銆€Sun Sizhen’s health care thoughts are mainly collected in the two books, “The Golden King” and “Qian Jin Yi Fang”.
Sun Sizhen is not only advocated for rest and concentration, but also for sports; some people have diet, and some people call it medicine; they both strengthen their desires and oppose their desires.
It not only involves the relationship between clothing, food, housing, transportation and health, but also specifically discusses the issue of health care for the elderly.
These have had a major impact on the development of Chinese health culture in later generations.
銆€銆€Sima Chengyu’s two important works, “Tian Yinzi Health Book” and “Sit and Forget”, are mostly based on the old and the Zhuang, which led to the theory and method of internal rehabilitation and rejuvenation.
In terms of specific health methods, Sima Chengzhen also created a variety of qi law, guidance method, see the “Secondary Theory of qi” and “Guiding Theory”.
Compared with other Taoist health methods, the most important feature of the above-mentioned methods created by Sima Chengyu is the ability to use TCM theory to explore the mechanism of qi and guidance.
銆€銆€In addition to the above important health theory and health-care figures, there is still an important health problem in the Han and Tang Dynasties that must be emphasized. This is the development of Taoist Qigong.
In addition, Qigong not only began to be absorbed by Taoism, but also gradually formed the two major schools of “Thinking” and “Inner” that best reflect the characteristics of Taoist health.銆€銆€Think of the thoughts, but also the name, think of it, it is a qigong exercise that is specially used to adjust the spirit as the basic means of practice.
In the early Taoist classics of Taiping, the thoughts of the thoughts were more detailed.
In the Jin Dynasty, there appeared a Taoist Taoism that was dedicated to thinking as a matter of cultivation.
After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the qigong of Taoism and thoughts was further developed. In the Song Dynasty, Zhang Junfang’s collection of the “Yunjun Sustained Map” included in the “Yunjun Seven Signs” has more than 18 specific methods of thinking and thinking.The content is also richer than before.
銆€銆€Along with the emergence and development of the qigong of Cuesi, a thinking therapy with self-psychological health function has begun to be widely and improved.
During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Census therapy has begun to take shape, and there are too many records in this chapter in Taiping Jing.
During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the types of thinking treatments increased, and the complications were more detailed. For example, in the “Healthy Essentials”, it was mentioned: “There is no way to get rid of all diseases, headaches, headaches, and pains.”It helps to get more and more tempered, and from time to time, it will disappear.
This health care is also important.
After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the scope of application of Censian therapy was more extensive. The “Sources of Diseases” is a clear work in this respect.
銆€銆€Nedan Panedan is a kind of Taoist alchemy.
The law is to make the human body a “Ding furnace”, the essence of the body as a “drug”, the use of “God” to burn, so that the essence, gas, and God condense into “inner.”
The internal qigong foundation of Neidan is based on the “Easy of Zhouyi and the same contract” written by Wei Boyang of the Eastern Han Dynasty.
However, the name “Nedan” has been recorded until the “Sword of the Spirit” of Xu Xun in the Jin Dynasty.
During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Taoist qigong appeared in a series of internal repairs that integrated the basic characteristics of Inner Dan and the two schools. This is the “Huangting Exterior Jingjing”.
Nei Dan Qigong flourished in the second generation of the Sui and Tang Dynasties. At this time, there were successive achievements in the collection of Nei Dan Qigong, such as “The True Story of the Group of Immortals” and “The Sun and the Moon” (dead).